ArchDaily Photographs: Marcelo Donadussi, Guilherme Silveira Cardoso Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Houses “COPY” C52 House / Urban Ode Arquitetura e Urbanismo C52 House / Urban Ode Arquitetura e UrbanismoSave this projectSaveC52 House / Urban Ode Arquitetura e Urbanismo Architects: Urban Ode Arquitetura e Urbanismo Area Area of this architecture project “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/868858/c52-house-urban-ode Clipboard CopyHouses•Capão da Canoa, Brazil Photographs Year: Manufacturers: Docol, Durafloor, Eliane, Elizabeth, Magni e Rosa, Nova Canaã, Portinari, R design, Verde e Mar, ideia GlassContractor:Paulo Pereira, Sidnei Speransa, Leonardo BittencourtStructure:Alexandre KleinElectric Installation:Tiago NovaskiArchitects In Charge:Alessandra Fassina, Eduardo Paiva RibeiroCity:Capão da CanoaCountry:BrazilMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornWoodParklex International S.L.Wood cladding – FacadeWoodAccoyaAccoya® Cladding, Siding & FacadesDoorsECLISSESliding Pocket Door – ECLISSE LuceText description provided by the architects. When we received the demand, one of the first things we thought about was: let’s get away of the classic tipology of the exposed house, so massively used in the condominiums of the region – with from top to bottom glazing and a two-story high ceiling. The idea was that the house kept the privacy preserved and then, in the social lounge, opened to the deck in the backyard. With the same premise in mind, we came up with another project attitudes that guided us, as raising the ground floor 50cm to avoid that the parked vehicle was seen from the living room window, and, with this, the main access would be made by a minimum slope ramp, protecting the pushed back entrance door. We also had attention with the size of the windows, for privacy reasons, since the lots are narrows and the neighbors can have their openings 1,5m from the border.Save this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiBecause it is a beach house, our demand was that the bedrooms were small, functionals and the living areas were priviledged. The cliente also wanted that the house was made to every public, so we have 02 bedrooms on the ground floor, due to accessibility issues.Save this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!Lower PlanIn volumetric terms, we thought the volume that houses the social area being more open, relating directly to the backyard, where are the deck and pool. To separate the intimate volume, still on the ground floor, we used the internal garden, wich breaks the volumetry of the ensemble in two blocks – we gained four more openings, keeping the cross-ventilation. The second floor is solved as a single block, with the private balcony resulting from the meeting of the lower volume with the upper one, only protected by a wall of apparent concrete.Save this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiBy the way, the composition of planes was preponderant, beginning by east façade. To break the formal hardness of the whole, we worked with the decomposition of the volumes into planes. Its is possible to perceive this in the lateral façade, where the lower plane is ‘read’ as two ceramic brick parts (pergola wall, wich divides the secondary access and the lateral wall of the social area), the upper plane of the private block also made of brick and the concrete plane wich gives privacy to the balcony. The same logic was used in the front and back façade, where the bick planes pass 10cm e release the other elements: beams in apparent concrete, plastered and white painted mansory and glass openings. Always with the intention of giving legibility to the set, characteristic that we believe to be determinant of a great ‘design’.Save this picture!© Marcelo DonadussiProject gallerySee allShow lessGoettsch Partners Wins Competition for 1,312-Foot-Tall Tower and Mixed-Use District …Architecture NewsSchmidt Hammer Lassen to Develop New Urban District at Former Carlsberg Brewery in C…Architecture News Share Projects Brazil Save this picture!© Marcelo Donadussi+ 66 Share 2017 Area: 280 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/868858/c52-house-urban-ode Clipboard CopyAbout this officeUrban Ode Arquitetura e UrbanismoOfficeFollowProductsSteelConcreteBrick#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesCapão da CanoaBrazilPublished on May 18, 2017Cite: “C52 House / Urban Ode Arquitetura e Urbanismo” 18 May 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Getting it rightOn 1 Dec 2001 in Personnel Today Previous Article Next Article Related posts:No related photos. Comments are closed. Employersmaking redundancies face far more risks than ever before, thanks to changes tothe unfair dismissal law. Christopher Mordue explains the practical andprocedural steps that will help employers protect themselves against suchliabilitiesUnfairdismissal claims are a constant hazard for employers. But in the currenteconomic climate, as employers in all sectors shed jobs at a higher rate,vulnerability to unfair dismissal claims is correspondingly increased. Sincethe last recession, the unfair dismissal regime has been transformed. Thequalifying period for bringing a claim has been reduced to one year. Manyfixed-term contracts no longer have valid waivers of the right to claim unfairdismissal if the contract is not renewed. The stakes are higher too, with thecurrent maximum award set at £51,700. While this maximum is rarely reached,awards are likely to increase to reflect the reduced availability ofalternative work. Fairnessis assessed by considering whether the process adopted by the employer, and thedecision to dismiss an employee through redundancy, lies within the range ofactions of a “reasonable” employer. The House of Lords has summarisedthe employer’s obligation as to “warn and consult affected employees ortheir representatives, adopt a fair basis on which to select for redundancy andtake such steps as may be reasonable to avoid or minimise redundancy byredeployment within their own organisation.” Thefirst critical stage in making redundancies is to choose the pool from whichredundancies will be made. Employers have a wide discretion here – a tribunalcan only deem the pool unfair if it was one which no reasonable employer wouldhave chosen. But if the pool is not reasonable, the dismissal will almostcertainly be unfair. There is a natural tendency for employers to define thepool narrowly, confining it to particular job descriptions, departments,business units or contracts, to avoid the need to apply selection criteria.This approach will not always be reasonable. Employersshould consider whether there are other employees, outside their proposed pool,who carry out similar types of work or have similar or interchangeable skills.What will happen to the work of the redundant employees? If it will be absorbedby another group of employees, that may indicate the need for a wider selectionpool. Similar employees, in other departments or working on other projects orcontracts, should only be excluded from the pool on strong commercial orpractical grounds, for example, because they have other essential skills,knowledge or customer relationships not shared with those in the selectionpool.Choosingobjective criteriaWhereselection for redundancy is required, the employer must use selection criteriawhich are as objective as possible. Typically, the criteria will includematters which are purely objective, such as length of service, attendancerecords and disciplinary records. However, the employer will wish to retainthose employees who can contribute most to the future needs of the business.The factors just mentioned would not, on their own, achieve this. It istherefore usual to use other criteria, such as skills, knowledge, expertise andexperience. Other common criteria include performance, attitude and flexibility.Some of these factors begin to introduce subjective measurements – that is, amanager’s own personal opinion of the employee or their work attributes.Subjectivity cannot necessarily be eliminated altogether, but the greater thelevel of subjectivity, the more likely that the criteria will beunreasonable. Howcan such factors be taken into account without an unreasonable level ofsubjectivity? The key is not so much the labels used, but how they are scored.”Performance” or “flexibility” on their own mean nothing.Each criteria should be broken down into an exhaustive list of specificmeasurements against which each employee is assessed. This prevents managersfrom applying their own definitions to these terms or taking different factorsinto account for different employees in the same pool. In the case ofblue-collar workers there may be existing data from which “quantity”and “quality” of outputs, “efficiency” and”accuracy” and so on, can be judged. For managers and otherwhite-collar staff, such data may not exist. Skills and experience may still betaken into account, but performance and other “output” based criteriashould only be used if they can be scored against details.Subjectivitycan also be reduced by avoiding “open” measurements which ask assessorsto make their own judgements. Instead, specific performance measurements shouldbe identified which are capable of a yes or no answer. If rating systems (forexample, scores from one to five) are used, managers must be given detailedguidance as to what each point on the scale means so the scope for personalinterpretation is removed. Selectioncriteria should also be applied consistently, and managers should be directedto specific sources of information which should be taken into account for eachemployee. Assessors should also be required to provide supporting evidence orcomments for each score they award. This can be very important in consultation,and ensures that there is a contemporaneous record of the assessor’s thoughtprocess. AvoidingdiscriminationWhenchoosing selection criteria, it is important to consider the risk ofdiscrimination claims. For example, pregnancy- and maternity-related absencesshould not be taken into account when attendance is assessed. If flexibility isused, this should not include matters such as an ability to work longer hours,work weekends or travel – factors which could disadvantage those with childcareor other domestic responsibilities and lead to claims of indirectdiscrimination. Even considering the range of tasks which employees canundertake may disadvantage part-time employees whose hours, or a commercialneed for continuity of input, restrict them from these tasks. Particularcare must be taken to avoid discrimination against disabled employees under theDisability Discrimination Act. The most obvious example is where a managerfails to discount disability-related absences from assessments of attendance.But disabled employees may also be disadvantaged in measurements of the qualityor quantity of their work, or criteria such as flexibility and performance.Employers should consider what adjustments they need to make to the selectioncriteria or their application to avoid discrimination or else ensure thatdifferential treatment is supported by justification. It is recommended thatspecific legal or HR advice is obtained before selection criteria are used, toidentify and resolve potential issues of discrimination. Theessence of individual consultation (see box for a suggestion of how this couldwork) is that at each stage the employee is aware of the process envisaged andthe reasons for their selection for redundancy, and has an appropriateopportunity at each stage to make comments or representations. Employers should also note that they must continuethe process of consultation, for example regarding alternative employment,during the notice period. It may be unreasonable to make payments in lieu ofnotice as this could deprive the employee of an opportunity to be consideredfor alternative employment arising during what would have been the noticeperiod. Onlyif no such opportunities are foreseen or the employee is not interested inpursuing these should you make a Pilon. Nor should employers assume employeesare not interested in working at other sites or for other group companies – theemployee should be left to decide the range of alternative employment to beexplored. In the case of women on maternity leave or disabled employees specialcare should be taken to offer suitable alternative employment where it exists,to avoid claims for discrimination or automatic unfair dismissal.Inlarge scale redundancies, combining offers of enhanced redundancy terms withcompromise agreements may be unwieldy. Employers may not wish to open up manydifferent negotiations with a wide range of legal advisers. If there is a tradeunion, it can provide the statutory advice for these purposes. Alternatively,the employer could suggest one or two firms to employees, while leaving themfree to find their own advice – otherwise the independence of the designatedfirms may be questioned. Individualconsultation – an outline–Each individual in the pool is advised of the reasons for the redundancies andalternatives to redundancy explored.–Individuals are advised of the selection criteria and their comments invited.They should also be advised of the process and timetable for making theassessment.–In particular employees are asked to provide any relevant information beforethe criteria are applied.–Assessments are carried out, preferably by more than one manager. These arereviewed by HR or a senior manager to check consistency of approach and thatcriteria are being properly applied.–A league table of employees in the pool is produced.–Potentially redundant employees are invited to a series of further meetings atwhich their assessment is reviewed in detail. The assessing managers should bepresent. Each score under the selection criteria should be explained andreference made to any supporting evidence taken into account. The employeeshould have time to reflect on the assessment and then raise any questions orobjections. These should be considered by management and a detailed responseprovided.–Alternative employment opportunities are then explored. The details of theredundancy package should be explained.–After allowing a suitable period for finding alternative employment, theemployer can give notice of dismissal. Employees may be given an opportunity toappeal against their selection.
As a Chief Marketing Officer, ensuring we’re delivering effective customer communications is at the top of my priority list. As a technology geek and a die-hard advocate for Enterprise Content Management, customer communications interests me in two regards. First, the expectations for customer communications have dramatically changed; and, second, customer communications technologies now play a significant role in Digital Transformation. Understanding the impact of these trends is critical, which is why I’m thrilled that EMC has been named a “Leader” for the third year running in the annual Gartner Magic Quadrant for Customer Communications Management (CCM) Software.Why should your organization care about the changes in customer communications? Here are a few telling metrics:Fifty percent of millennials expect to engage with a company whenever they choose and via any channel they want.Sixty percent of millennials surveyed expect a consistent experience from brands whether they interact online, in store or on the phone.Millennials are the largest generation in the U.S. and now make up the greatest percentage of the workforce. They are also becoming an important and rapidly growing customer segment.And it’s not just millennials. Think about how customers interact with banks today. We may receive monthly statements via email, but if our balance reaches a certain level, the bank sends a text notification. We may still receive credit card offers in the postal mail, but get invitations for better mortgage rates via Twitter or Facebook. And the branding, messaging, and tone are consistent, irrespective of delivery method. In the past, everything would have been sent to the customer the way the bank wanted. Now the customer is in control.This change of control means that organizations need the right tools to help them manage the exponentially complex world of communications “the way the customer wants.”With our CCM solution, EMC Document Sciences xPression, organizations can communicate using the customer’s channels of choice, in an intelligent, timely, context-sensitive way. It’s designed to deliver a better customer experience, while providing additional benefits to the organizations that implement it – cost efficiencies, scalability, compliance, and more.Which leads me to my next point: CCM is not only critical to customer communications, but is becoming a critical part of the customer experience overall. And customer experience is a primary motivator for Digital Transformation. This truly is the age of the customer.Why? The digital economy fundamentally changed customer experience expectations and has become the key differentiator for successful organizations. The right customer experience can disrupt industries that have been in place for decades. We can all name cloud-native disrupters, like Uber, Netflix and Amazon that have revolutionized how we book transportation, view movies and make purchases. But, think also about more traditional companies, like Geico and GE, who are taking the lead in digital transformation to disrupt their industries.With this new bar set, new technologies are required to manage all aspects of customer interactions. This is one of the main reasons we’ve embarked on our next-generation offerings supporting customer interactions and experience, building on our heritage and technologies in all areas of ECM, including Customer Communications Management.As a CMO, I’m pleased to see customer communications elevated to a new level in the digital conversation. But I’m also aware that this is no longer only a marketing priority. Now, more than ever, customer experience is becoming a critical business priority – one that’s driving the shape of the organization as a whole – particularly as organizations take their first steps toward Digital Transformation.
Research NZ November 2013The poll questions:The two questions were as follows:Currently, possession of even a small amount of cannabis is against the law. If cannabis possession was decriminalised, people caught with a small amount of cannabis would not receive a criminal conviction. Do you support decriminalisation of the possession of a small amount of cannabis, or do you feel the law should stay as it is?Currently, young people in possession of cannabis at school may be suspended or expelled. Do you agree or disagree that it would be better to provide them with health education and support? Key results:The key results for the first question are as follows:One-third of respondents (33 percent) were in favour of decriminalisation of the possession of small amounts of cannabis; 58 percent were not in favour and nine percent did not know.There were few differences by the sub-groups of respondents; meaning that this result was the common view regardless of the demographic characteristics of respondents.The key results for the second question were as follows:In total, 74 percent of respondents agreed or strongly agreed that it would be better if young people in possession of small amounts of cannabis at school were offered health education and support, rather than be suspended or expelled. Some 39 percent strongly agreed and 35 percent agreed with this suggestion.In comparison, 15 percent disagreed or strongly disagreed with this suggestion (8 percent disagreed and 7 percent strongly disagreed).“From these results it is clear that a majority of New Zealanders feel that possession of small amounts of cannabis should remain a criminal offence, but as far as the possession of small amounts by young people at school are concerned, the preferred course of action is to give them health education and support rather than punishment”, said Research New Zealand Director, Emanuel Kalafatelis.http://www.researchnz.com/pdf/Media%20Releases/RNZ%20Media%20Release%20-%20Cannabis.pdf
UNSTOPPABLE—Miami Dolphins’ Benny Sapp (27) tries to stop Pittsburgh’s Hines Ward (86) from catching a pass during the first half in Miami, Oct. 24. (AP PhotoWilfredo Lee) Both teams shut down the run and were able to control the air attack. Rashard Mendenhall was held to just 37 yards on 15 carries while the two-headed running attack of the Dolphins did not do much better. Ricky Williams had 48 yards on 11 carries and Ronnie Brown had only 14 yards on 9 carries.After giving Miami 6 points at the beginning of the game with two turnovers, the Steelers finally got down to business and jumped off to a sizable lead before the Dolphins came roaring back behind the ever improving young quarterback Chad Henne who was 23 of 36 for 257 yards and one touchdown. After a solid game in the red zone last week, the Steelers fell back into their old ways of settling for three Jeff Reed field goals instead of touchdowns.Once again, as they did much of last season, the Steelers marched down the field during the final minutes of the game to pull what was a sure defeat into a victory.With Pittsburgh trailing 20-19 and facing third-and-goal at the Miami 2, Roethlisberger fumbled the ball as he dove across the goal line on a quarterback draw. The play was ruled a touchdown as both teams scrambled for the loose ball in the end zone. After a replay review, referee announced that Roethlisberger had fumbled before scoring. But the official said his crew had no clear evidence as to which team recovered the ball, so the Steelers were awarded possession at the half-yard line. Jeff Reed then made an 18-yard kick on the next play with 2:30 left, and the Steelers escaped with the win.Roethlisberger had a decent game, going 19 for 27 for 302 yards and two touchdowns, but three fumbles—two that were just dumb, instead of just taking the sack—almost gave the game to the Dolphins. Hines Ward had an outstanding game catching 7 passes for 131 yards which included a 21-yard touchdown pass, but for some reason after Wallace ran past all defenders for a 53-yard touchdown to give the Steelers the early lead, Roethlisberger only went back to him once for no gain.* * *In New Orleans, David Bowen returned two of Drew Brees’ four interceptions for touchdowns, and the Browns stunned the defending Super Bowl champions 30-17.Rookie quarterback Colt McCoy passed for just 74 yards, but got his first win as an NFL starter, a desperately needed one for the struggling Browns (2-5). Scott Fujita and Sheldon Brown also had interceptions for the Browns. Brees was sacked three times, once by Fujita, who was a defensive leader for the Saints last season.The Saints (4-3) trailed all game and pulled no closer in the second half than 20-10.Still without Reggie Bush, who’s out with an injury, Brees put the ball up 55 times, completing 37 passes for 356 yards and two touchdowns, but it wasn’t enough to overcome four interceptions. The Browns, with a very solid defense, held the Saints running game in check. Chris Ivory had only 48 yards on 15 carries.The Steelers defense, who struggled a little against the Dolphins’ passing attack, will have some serious problems trying to contain Marques Colston, who had 10 catches for 112 yards and Ladell Betts with 8 catches for 88 yards.Brees, who was intercepted 11 times last season, has thrown 10 picks in 2010.“Whenever you throw a pick, you’re going to be upset. …Four interceptions are hard to swallow,” Brees said. “I think we are all doing a little soul searching. We know how good we can be. Obviously, we aren’t playing that way right now.”The Saints outgained Cleveland 394-210, but the Browns made big plays on defense and special teams in building a 20-3 halftime lead that had the crowd booing the defending Super Bowl champions as they went to the locker room.The Steelers will have to face one of the most potent passing attacks in the game without defensive end Aaron Smith, who may be out for the season with an injury. Smith missed 11 games last season. The Steelers pulled off a miracle 23-22 win over the Miami Dolphins Sunday to stay in a three-way tie for the best record in the NFL—5-1—and now must get ready for the struggling Super Bowl champion New Orleans Saints who are coming off an upset 30-17 loss to the Cleveland Browns.
Chelsea goalkeeper Petr Cech urged Blues fans to give manager Rafael Benitez a chance following the draw against Manchester City.Benitez, hugely unpopular among the Stamford Bridge faithful from his time at Liverpool, was barracked by supporters during his first game in charge.Cech said: “Unfortunately you cannot change history, and while he was Liverpool coach we had a lot of rivalry and it comes from there.“But he is here to change things and put us in winning mode and he needs to have a chance to do that.“When your manager is sacked it is always bad news as a player because you are responsible for the situation as well. We have a new manager now and we are in the same boat.”More reaction to follow later.See also:Fans jeer Benitez as Blues draw with 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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
$3.2 Billion in Block Grants For Efficiency MeasuresWASHINGTON, D.C — Energy Secretary Steven Chu announced that U.S. cities, counties, states, territories, and Native American tribes will soon receive $3.2 billion of stimulus funding for energy efficiency projects. The funding is separate from the $8 billion in federal stimulus funds flowing to the low-income weatherization program, according to the EERE News, an online newsletter from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.Among the projects eligible for funding under the program, known as the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant program:Energy audits and energy retrofit work in residential and commercial buildings;Grants to nonprofit organizations for energy efficiency retrofits;The development of more stringent energy codes for new buildings;Incentive programs for energy-efficiency improvements; andThe installation of renewable energy equipment on government buildings.The program will provide nearly $1.9 billion to cities and counties, while states and territories will receive nearly $770 million. Tribal governments will receive $55 million. “These investments will save taxpayer dollars and create jobs in communities around the country,” said Vice President Joe Biden. “Local leaders will have the flexibility in how they put these resources to work.”More information on the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program is available on the Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program Web site. The “frequently asked questions” section of the site is particularly useful.
In the first quarter of a scoreless 2016 AFC Championship game against the New England Patriots, Peyton Manning and the Denver Broncos faced third-and-6 from their own 44-yard line. Wide receiver Demaryius Thomas ran a 15-yard out, breaking toward the Broncos’ sideline. He did not catch Manning’s wobbly throw, but there was contact on the play, and Denver’s players and coaching staff appealed to the official for a pass interference call on Patriots cornerback Logan Ryan. They got one, and the Broncos got a first down, scoring the game’s opening touchdown four plays later.On the ensuing drive, the Patriots faced third-and-3 at their own 27-yard line. Rob Gronkowski ran a wheel route up the Broncos’ sideline with T.J. Ward in coverage. As the Patriots tight end turned to look back for the ball, the defender made contact and shoved him, preventing a catch. Both Gronk and Tom Brady yelled for a penalty. The flag did not come, and the Patriots were forced to punt.Similar plays led to different outcomes that benefited the team on the sideline closest to the on-field action. Most NFL refs would likely say they are immune any sideline bias. “If I make a call because a coach is screaming at me on one side of the field and it’s wrong, that’s a bad day for me,” former NFL official Scott Green told us. (The NFL declined to comment.)But as it turns out, a sideline bias in the NFL is real, and it’s spectacular. To prove it, we looked at the rates at which refs call the NFL’s most severe penalties, including defensive pass interference, aggressive infractions like personal fouls and unnecessary roughness, and offensive holding calls, based on where the offensive team ran its play.1Some of this research was published in March in Economic Inquiry.For three common penalties, the direction of the play — that is, whether it’s run toward the offensive or defensive team’s sideline — makes a significant difference. In other words, refs make more defensive pass interference calls on the offensive team’s sideline but more offensive holding calls on the defensive team’s sideline. What’s more, these differences aren’t uniform across the field — the effect only shows up on plays run, roughly, between the 32-yard lines, the same space where coaches and players are allowed to stand during play.The following graphs show the penalty rates per 1,000 plays for defensive pass interference and aggressive defensive penalties, which include unnecessary roughness, personal fouls, unsportsmanlike conduct, and horse-collar tackles.2The data includes regular-season games between 2010 and 2014, and uses coin-toss information provided by Football Outsiders and play-by-play data from Armchair Analysis. To estimate penalty rates, we used a model of penalty outcomes that depends on yard line and which sideline (offensive or defensive team’s) the play was closer to. Additional methodological details can be found here. Refs throw flags for defensive infractions at significantly higher rates when plays are run in the direction of the offensive team’s sideline; near midfield, defensive penalties are called about 50 percent more often on the offensive team’s sideline than the defensive team’s. Close to the end zone, where the sidelines are supposed to be free of coaches and players, these differences are negligible.For offensive flags, that association is reversed, at least on holding penalties.3Offensive pass interference calls didn’t vary by proximity to either team’s sideline. Here’s the rate of holding calls made on outside run plays, which shows how the defensive team’s sideline can help draw flags on the offense. Around midfield, offensive holding gets called about 35 percent more often on plays run at the defensive team’s sideline. So what could be causing this phenomenon?Refs are faced with a near-impossible task. They make judgment calls in real time, relying on just their eyes and their experience. Deprived of the advantages, like instant replay, that we enjoy from the couch, refs have less information to help them resist the normal subconscious urge to draw on external cues for assistance in making borderline calls. In psychology terms, this process is called cue learning. It’s why we laugh longer in the presence of other humans laughing,4Which, in turn, is the reason that many TV comedies use a laugh track. why we eat more in the presence of overweight company, and why our judgment of persuasive speeches is influenced by the audience’s reaction.The most common cue in sports is crowd noise, and because crowd noise almost always supports the home team, the way the fans sway the referees is the No. 1 driver of home-field advantage in sports. And one notable experiment suggests that how loud a crowd is helps refs decide whether an interaction should be penalized. A pair of German researchers showed actual referees old video clips of possible soccer infractions, with crowd noise played at high or low volume. Refs looking at the exact same interactions were more likely to hand out a yellow card when they heard a lot of crowd noise than when the volume was low.It follows, then, that screaming and hat-throwing football personnel may also have an effect on referee choices. In football, this sideline bias even seems to supersede refs’ tendency to support the home team: The differences in the penalty rates from sideline to sideline are several times larger than the differences in penalty rates between the home and away teams.That bias can affect the outcome even when officials have time to confer. In a 2015 playoff game between the Dallas Cowboys and the Detroit Lions, Matthew Stafford threw a third-and-1 pass to Brandon Pettigrew. Officials initially called defensive pass interference on the Cowboys’ Anthony Hitchens.But the flag occurred right in front of the Cowboys sideline. This led to some confusion. It also led to a helmetless Dez Bryant yelling at the official.After conferring with each other, the officials picked up the flag, a decision that Mike Pereira, Fox Sports’ rules analyst and the NFL’s former vice president of officiating, said was incorrect. Brian Burke of Advanced Football Analytics calculates that when the official picked up the flag, the Lions’ chances of winning that game dropped by 12 percentage points.Dallas won 24-20.Check out our latest NFL playoff predictions.
Former Manchester United and Villarreal forward Giuseppe Rossi has been summoned to attend a hearing by Italy’s anti-doping agency Nado ItaliaThe 31-year-old was released by Serie A side Genoa at the end of last season and remains without a club.Now to add to his woes, Nado Italia have called on Rossi to attend a hearing on October 1 after failing a drug test.Rossi reportedly tested positive for dorzolamide after a Serie A match between Genoa and Benevento on May 12.Dorzolamide is a drug that acts as an anti-glaucoma agent commonly found in eye drops.Karsdorp reveals he had too much stress at Roma Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 The Dutch defender has been with the Gialorrossi since 2017, but he has not enjoyed his time in the Italian Lega Serie A.Should the Italian forward be found guilty, then a 12-month suspension will be expected to be pushed for by Nado Italia’s prosecutors.Rossi began his career at United, where he scored one goal in 14 games before leaving for Newcastle and Parma on loan spells.The former Italy international spent a further six seasons at La Liga side Villarreal before returning to his homeland with Fiorentina.But, amid struggles with recurring injuries, Rossi left Florence for loan moves to Levante and Celta Vigo.He joined Genoa in December last year after being released by Viola.
Recommended for you Royal Bahamas Defence Force Prepare Hurricane Shelter Related Items:#DrugBust, #magneticmedianews, #RBPF, bimini Multi-millionaire Barbados businessmen arrested in $3m drug bust, yacht suspected in drug trafficking Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Grand Bahama Police report on crash landing off West End Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppBahamas, September 5th, 2017 – Bimini – Two male suspects ages 31 and 39 from Bimini are now in police custody after being arrested on Friday 1st September, in connection with a major drug bust.Just three weeks after the Royal Bahamas Police Force made a $3.2million drug bust in Andros, Grand Bahama Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) officers and officers of the Bimini division intercepted a 26ft aqua and white Contender vessel in waters near Alice Town and discovered 157 kilos of cocaine with a street value of $2.3 million.Assistant Superintendent of Police, Terecita Pinder explained that officers were acting on information received, and during a search, were able to recover two white coolers and two backpacks stacked with packages of the cocaine in the vessel. The bust was made around 7am.Subsequently, the two suspects on board were arrested and taken to the Alice town police station, and will be arraigned before Magistrates Court in New Providence this week.Story By: Kay-Marie Fletcher#MagneticMediaNews