The Guyana Police Force (GPF) is in the process of launching Road Safety Week 2018, aimed at paying key attention to the use of the roadways by pedestrians, motorcyclists and drivers.Speaking with media operatives, Deputy Superintendent Dennis Stephen related that the activity will be launched on November 25 to save as many lives as possible.“On the 25th of November, we will be launching our Road Safety Week with the theme: ‘stop accidents before they stop you; be alert, accidents hurt’.”His advice to all road users is, “We’re imploring all road users to use the road with care, observe the traffic and that will be able to save lives on our roadway.”The United Nations is known for its observance of World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims on the third Sunday in November. On that day, the National Road safety Council of Guyana will be hosting a walk in tribute to those who wouldA damaged car following a recent accidenthave died.Coordinator Ramona Doergen indicated that this day is also celebrated to acknowledge medical personnel and first responders who are tasked with providing services at the scene of an accident.“It’s not just for people that die on the roadway. It’s for people who go out on the crash sites, the media, Police [and] doctors. We want to encourage persons to come out under the theme “Roads have stories, let’s make it happy endings,” she said.The GPF had disclosed that up to October 11, 2018, there were a total of 90 road fatalities, with September accounting for a shocking 22 deaths.There were decreases in serious, minor and damage accidents, with 31.5 per cent (184 cases against 269 last year), 46 per cent (21 against 405 cases) and 27.1 per cent (526 against 722) respectively.However, pedestrians were once again named as the main category of road users killed, with 31 such persons having lost their lives at the end of September. Car occupants followed with 20 cases, then pedal cyclists with 15 cases, and motorcyclists with 11 cases.Four drivers were killed and one pillion rider, while two minibus occupants and two persons towed on bicycles also lost their lives on the roadways.The Police chose to highlight that speeding continues to be the major contributing factor to road accidents, causing 36 of the fatal accidents that occurred during those nine months. This is trailed by inattentiveness with 16 cases, drunk driving with 12 cases, pedestrians crossing in the path of approaching vehicles with eight cases, and one case of failure to confirm to road sign.These alarming numbers gives an additional reason why persons should adhere to traffic signs and obey speed limits on Guyana’s roadways.
Urine color. The color of the first morning’s urine void after awaking is an overall indicator of hydration status. Straw or lemonade colored urine is a sign of appropriate hydration. Dark colored urine, the color of apple juice, indicates dehydration. Bright urine often is produced soon after consuming vitamin supplements. Sweat loss. Change in body weight before and after exercise is used to estimate sweat loss. Since an athlete’s sweat loss during exercise is an indicator of hydration status, athletes are advised to follow customized fluid replacement plans that consider thirst, urine color, fluid intake, sweat loss and body weight changes that occur during exercise. Later signs include: Dizziness Increased weakness Labored breathing with exercise Thirst Flushed skin Premature fatigue Increased body temperature Faster breathing and pulse rate Increased perception of effort Decreased exercise capacity Fluid ReplacementReplace fluids during exercise to promote adequate hydration. Drink water rather than pouring it over your head. Drinking is the only way to rehydrate and cool your body from the inside out. Sports drinks are more appropriate than water for athletes engaged in moderate- to high-intensity exercise that lasts an hour or longer. Rehydrate after exercise by drinking enough fluid to replace fluid losses during exercise. Remember swimmers sweat, too. Like any athletic activity, when you swim, your body temperature rises and your body sweats to keep from overheating. You may not notice because you are in the water, but you can become dehydrated. Swimmers, from competitive athletes to families splashing around, need to drink fluids before, during and after swimming, even if you don’t feel thirsty.Warning SignsKnow the signs of dehydration. Early signs are: Minimize DehydrationDehydration can occur in virtually every physical activity scenario. It doesn’t have to be hot. You don’t have to have visible perspiration. You can become dehydrated in the water, at a pool or lake, or skiing on a winter day.Dehydration results when athletes fail to adequately replace fluid lost through sweating. Since dehydration that exceeds 2 percent body weight loss harms exercise performance, athletes are advised to begin exercise well hydrated, minimize dehydration during exercise and replace fluid losses after exercise.Be alert for conditions that increase your fluid loss through sweat.Related StoriesResearchers identify molecular pathway underpinning exercise and improved motor learningCombining aerobic exercise and resistance training helps obese older adults preserve muscle massSupervised fun, exercise both improve psychosocial health of children with obesity Air Temperature: The higher the temperature, the greater your sweat losses. Intensity: The harder you work out, the more you perspire. Body Size and Gender: Larger people sweat more. Men generally sweat more than women. Duration: The longer the workout, the more fluid loss. Fitness: Well-trained athletes perspire more than less fit people. Why? Athletes cool their bodies through sweat more efficiently than most people because their bodies are used to the extra stress. Thus, fluid needs are higher for highly trained athletes than for less fit individuals. May 16 2018Proper hydration is one of the most important aspects of healthy physical activity. Drinking the right amount of fluids before, during and after physical activity is vital to providing your body the fluids it needs to perform properly. Sports dietitians assist athletes by developing individualized hydration plans that enhance performance in training and competition while minimizing risks for dehydration, over-hydration and heat illness and injury.Hydration GoalThe overall goal is to minimize dehydration without over-drinking. Adequate hydration varies among individuals. Practical ways to monitor hydration are: Source:https://www.eatright.org/fitness/sports-and-performance/hydrate-right/hydrate-right