Insects are attracted to the chemicals in flowers, helping to pollinate the flowers. Image credit: John Severns, Wikimedia Commons. Explore further Citation: Scientists investigate how chemicals evolved into communication signals (2011, January 11) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-01-scientists-chemicals-evolved.html Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Pheromones a myth in mammals More information: Sandra Steiger, Thomas Schmitt, and H. Martin Schaefer. “The origin and dynamic evolution of chemical information transfer.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2010.2285 (PhysOrg.com) — Living things possess many diverse ways of communicating, but perhaps the oldest and most widespread form of communication involves the use of chemicals. From animals and plants to bacteria and fungi, organisms emit and receive chemical signals as a way of transferring information between one another. Organisms are sensitive to a very broad range of chemicals; for example, scientists estimate that rodents can detect thousands or even tens of thousands of odorant molecules. Exactly how organisms evolved the ability to use chemicals to communicate is still an open question. In a recent review of the subject, researchers Sandra Steiger from Illinois State University and Thomas Schmitt and H. Martin Schaefer, both from the University of Freiburg in Freiburg, Germany, have proposed several mechanisms that help clarify the possible origin and evolution of chemical information transfer. Their study is published in a recent issue of the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.As the scientists explained, chemical information can be found in mammal excrement, insects’ cuticles, spider silk, plant nectar, and so on. Other organisms detect the chemical information in these substances to gain information. For example, red harvester ants have different chemicals in their cuticles that can reveal to other ants whether they are foragers or nest-maintenance workers. And wolves’ feces contain sex hormone levels that indicate their status within the pack to other wolves. The scientists suggested that these chemical cues originated for non-communicative purposes at first, and only inadvertently contained information that other organisms detected. Then, the chemical cues could have evolved into signals in a few different ways. If the organism that detected the original chemical reacted in a way that benefitted the organism that released the chemical, then the chemical’s function as a means of communication should be enhanced through evolution. Enhancement could be done by, for example, the sender increasing the quantity of the chemical cue, adding behavioral components to the chemical cue, or modifying the chemical cue to become more conspicuous.“In the last years, research on the evolution of chemical signals has largely focused on sex pheromones and their diversification due to speciation events,” Steiger told PhysOrg.com. “However, there are other or additional reasons for the ubiquity and high abundance of chemical signals. Our concept that signals derive from cues is not a novel concept; however, it has been an astonishingly underappreciated topic. The studies we present in our review show that a wide range of organisms release waste products and chemical compounds with non-communicative functions. These chemicals can incidentally carry information and therefore provide multiple starting points for the evolution of chemical communication. As there are different ways how selection enhances the communicative function of these chemicals, several distinct evolutionary trajectories of chemical communication are possible.”Because organisms possess such a large number of different odor receptors, the scientists predicted that evolution may have tailored organisms’ chemical signals to match the sensitivities of the intended receivers while avoiding those of predators. To better understand this process, Steiger says that more phylogenetic studies are needed to support the concept that chemical signals can derive from cues, which is not well-investigated. Phylogenetic studies could also reveal how often organisms use different techniques for enhancing the efficiency of chemical communication (for example, how often behavioral elements are added and how often only the quantity of a chemical is increased).“There is definitely a need for studies that evaluate the different selection factors acting on chemicals,” Steiger said. “Chemicals can have both a communicative role and a non-communicative function (e.g., chemicals on the cuticles of insects protect against desiccation and bacteria, but also function frequently as sex pheromones). Are these multiple functions in conflict or in accordance?”
50-million-year-old clam shells provide indications of future of El Nino phenomenon © 2014 Phys.org The findings by the team also cast doubt on some theories that have been developed to explain why the ENSO occurs at all—primary among them are those that suggest they are due to a slight wobble in the Earth’s orbit. If that were the case, it would seem logical to conclude that an identifiable periodicity would emerge over the course of ten thousand years, but now, that doesn’t appear to be the case. A large shell midden from the Inca period at a study site in Peru’s Ica valley is shown. The climate is so dry that even wooden structures are preserved. Credit: M. Carré / Univ. of Montpellier This image shows a magnified cross-section of a shell. The lines in the outer layer come from growth during low tides, and help to put a time on the temperature measurements. Credit: M. Carré / Univ. of Montpellier Citation: Clam fossils offer 10,000 year history of El Nino Southern Oscillation (2014, August 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-08-clam-fossils-year-history-el.html Explore further The middens are ancient dumping sites that typically contain a mix of mollusk shells, fish and bird bones, ceramics, cloth, charcoal, maize and other plants. Credit: M. Carré / Univ. of Montpellier Journal information: Science More information: Holocene history of ENSO variance and asymmetry in the eastern tropical Pacific, Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1252220ABSTRACTUnderstanding the response of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) to global warming requires quantitative data on ENSO under different climate regimes. Here, we present a reconstruction of ENSO in the eastern tropical Pacific spanning the last 10 thousand years (ka) derived from oxygen isotopes in fossil mollusk shells from Peru. We find that ENSO variance was close to the modern level in the early Holocene and severely damped ~4-5 ka. In addition, ENSO variability was skewed toward cold events along coastal Peru 6.7-7.5 ka owing to a shift of warm anomalies toward the Central Pacific. The modern ENSO regime was established ~3-4.5 ka. We conclude that ENSO was sensitive to changes in climate boundary conditions during the Holocene, including, but not limited to insolation.Press release This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org) —A research team working in Peru, with members from France, Peru and the U.S. has found a way to track the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) going back as far as ten thousand years. In their paper published in the journal Science, the team reports that their study of clam fossils has revealed clear patterns of the ENSO and report that it has not been increasing in intensity over the course of the Holocene as some have suggested. People have been living on the shores of the Pacific Ocean in Peru for a long time, and as they’ve done so, they’ve eaten clams, tossing the shells onto waste areas that grew to become huge mounds over thousands of years. In this new effort, the researchers dug down into several such mounds and extracted clam fossils they found, along with dirt and charcoal—remnants of ancient fires used to cook the clam meat. By taking measurements of oxygen isotopes in the clam shells, the researchers were able to calculate ocean surface temperatures at two to four week intervals throughout the lives of the individual clams, while radiocarbon dating of the dirt and charcoal revealed when the clams made their way into the mound. Examining multiple clams at different depths in the mounds allowed for creating a historical record of sea surface temperatures, and that allowed for charting the cycle of the ENSO going back ten thousand years.The charts created by the research team suggest that the ENSO cycle does not have a predictable cycle and also that it has not been increasing in strength over the course of the Holocene as others have suggested. They did find some patterns, however. During a period approximately 4,000 to 5,000 years ago, for example, the ENSO was relatively weak, and during another period, from 6,700 to 7,500 years ago, ocean temperatures along the coast of Peru appeared to have been skewed by the location of warm water from an El Niño (when trade winds push warm water into the Eastern Pacific.)
When you glide up a staircase adorned with flowers and a beautiful madhubani painting welcomes you at the entrance, your face beams up as you know that you are in for a celebration. Indeed it was a celebration of craftsmanship of artists from across the country put on display in Cottage Emporium as a part of Navkriti exhibition. The exhibition that is open for display cum sale till 4 July was inaugurated by Kavuru Sambasiva Rao, Union Minister of Textiles on Thursday in august presence of Panabaaka Lakshmi, Union Minister of State for Petroleum and Textiles at Cottage Emporium, Janpath. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Walk into the hall and a confluence of ethnic and contemporary styles of design opens up to you. Launching new designs by master craftspersons, Navkriti has an array of collections at display tucked into a corner of the vibrant six level Cottage emporium. Inverted multicolored umbrellas drop down from the high cielings of the emporium, creating an impression of a sky bursting out with colours. Take a sneak peek of the collection: wooden crafts of Saharanpur, Hyderabadi Kalamkari on fabric, Kantha embroidery from Santiniketan,block printing from Jaipur and integrated mettalic designs from national award winners on display. What caught our eye were the covetous and innovatively designed mantlepieces made by amalgamating ceramic with copper and brass and the tribal works from Bastar region comprising jewellery, amazingly crafted vegetables and fruits, and miniatures from tribal life. Most of the exhibits are prototypes that can be ordered on demand. Delve into the exotic delights of India, we say!
Inaugurated on Wednesday the event was preceded by a ‘Designers’ Meet’ aimed at sharing various diversified products developed by the research institutes of Central Silk Board with the designers and to showcase their value.It is perceived that these designers can now promote the products in national and international market which in turn can provide better value addition to the stake holders. The participating designers were provided all necessary information which can be adopted with an assurance of necessary facilitation by Central Silk Board and Silk Mark Organisation. Various eminent and upcoming designers including Satya Paul, Abraham and Thakore, Neeta Lulla, Vaishali, Ankita Singh, amongst many others participated in the Meet. ‘Indian silk is primarily consumed in the countries of European Economic Unions, United States of America, Middle East and Japan. The Indian silk has created a niche market worldwide and is extremely famous for its beauty and elegance,’ said K. Sukumar Menon, CEO, Silk Mark Organisation. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The Indian silk world over is known for its drape fall finish and luster and has created a niche in international markets. The Indian silk clusters are unique in terms of its skill employment, craftsmanship, intricate designs, weaving techniques, technologies deployed and process adopted. In order to develop a range of new products Central Silk Board has taken up various initiatives through its research institutes in collaboration with other research institutes like NIFT, Army Institute of Fashion and Design, and others. The eri silk which is used primarily in Assam by the tribals to produce chadders and mekhla has now been converted into high end mens wear like eri knitted garments, denims, blends. Similarly Muga silk which is primarily produced in Assam only for local consumption has now been converted into a range of existing products like bridal wear and dress materials. The tasar silk which is mainly produced in Central India has now been converted into high end men’s wear and products with rich designs for women. The launch of designer silk collection is to encourage the designers and new entrepreneurs to take up this new commercial venture for the benefit of primary producers.
Kolkata: There is a good news for the people of the state as various types of fishes including Hilsa is made available at all the Sufal Bangla stalls across the state.With the onset of monsoon, Bengalis are now ready to pay anything to buy Hilsa. As the demands for Hilsa have gone up, a section of traders are utilising the opportunity to make fast money by increasing the rates of the fish, specially on Sundays.The Agriculture Marketing department has come to help the people of Bengal to buy better quality fishes at the right price. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsFrom Thursday onwards, fishes including Hilsa, Bhetki, Pabda and Parshe will be available at the stalls of Sufal Bangla.Tapan Dasgupta, the state Agriculture Marketing minister, made the announcement of making fishes available in Sufal Bangla stalls after inaugurating two stalls in Salt Lake and one in Belgachia on Thursday.Chandranath Sinha, the state Fisheries minister, was also present at the inaugural ceremony of the stall in Salt Lake. MP Dr Shantanu Sen also attended the inaugural ceremony. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedDasgupta said besides fishes, fruits will also be made available at stalls. One can buy fruits including Mangos, Bananas, Coconuts and Guavas at the stalls.At present, there are around 46 movable such stalls that keep moving from one point to another in a specific area in urban parts of the city to help common people get fresh vegetables at the right price and with the setting up of three such Sufal Bangla stalls on Thursday, there are now around 24 stalls those have been constructed in different urban areas of the state. The Sufal Bangla stalls are basically run by the Farmers Producers Organisations (FPO) who collect vegetables from the farmers of the rural parts of the state and bring it to the stalls to sell it out. It ensures availability of fresh vegetables and fruits.Moreover, people are never charged more. They get vegetables, fruits and fishes at the right price. The Agriculture Marketing department has set a target of setting up total 100 Sufal Bangla stalls.
They say dance is the hidden language of the soul. Groomed in classical Tanjore dance, Sohini Roychowdhury combines the best of two worlds — a classical conservative training and a modern innovative outlook. Expressional dance being her forte, she gives greater importance to the aesthetics of dance and the clear interpretation of mythology. She shares her journey with Millennium Post, where she talks about her recent innovative forays into the realm of self-choreographed thematic dance dramas, which she performs with her troupe Sohinimoksha. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’How did classical dance happen to you?Born to sitar maestro Pandit Subroto
Kolkata: Two full grown elephants and a calf were killed when a speeding train knocked them down in Jhargram district on early Tuesday morning.According to local administration, the elephants were crossing the railway track near Gidhni railway station at around 1.30 am when hit by Gyaneswari Express. Gidhni railway station is situated at a distance of around 180 km from Kolkata.A senior Forest department official said a herd of 11 elephants were seen roaming around the forest areas of Jhargram for the past few days. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe three elephants, which were killed, are suspected to be a part of the herd recently spotted.Following the incident, senior Forest department officials and police officers reached the spot to monitor the situation.The carcasses were removed from the railway track. The senior Forest department officials said it was not an isolated incident. The carcasses were later cremated at a nearby forest later in the day. According to a forest official, there must be some mechanism to avoid the death of elephants in this manner. Without a proper mechanism, these incidents cannot not be averted.The incident has led to the disruption of trains.According to railway sources, train services were partially affected for around two hours at the Kharagpur-Tatanagar section of the South Eastern Railway (SER).Three local trains — Jhargram-Medinipur, Kharagpur-Dhanbad and Kharagpur-Purulia — were cancelled this morning, an official said.
After two successful years, the third edition of the North East Festival was successfully held in a brand new avatar in the national Capital. The festival which began on October 16 at IGNCA, Janpath, was inaugurated by Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister of Delhi. Manish Sisodia, Deputy CM Delhi, Kapil Mishra, Tourism Minister of Delhi were the guest of honours for the inaugural. This year’s main focus of the festival was Tourism, Look East and Act East Policy with various discussion sessions with top policy makers. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The North-East Festival is synonymous with the unification of the various stakeholders of North East under one dynamic platform. While inaugurating the 3rd edition of North-East Festival, Arvind Kejriwal, Chief Minister of Delhi, said, “North East is the most beautiful destination in India and its people are also most beautiful and nice. It is extremely heartening to see such a festival happening in Delhi. North-East festival is a great initiative and we promise to make it bigger with more marketing next year. I would like to ensure that people from North East are safe in Delhi and we will do everything to ensure their safety here.” Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThis year a special exhibition on North East’s Freedom Fighters’ contribution to India’s Independence has been organised. Arvind Kejriwal was gifted a sketch of
Art will never be the same again- India International Centre (IIC) has come up with an alluring presentation of installations and sculptures. The exhibition will seamlessly occupy India International Centre’s Gandhi Plaza with art works free from the constraints of a patriarchal/commercial art history. An aristocratic Gandhi Plaza with natural trees and a dramatic natural skylight will behold installations as well as magical yet thoughtful free standing pieces like Neeraj Gupta’s Divine Love, Arun Pandit’s Mask Seller, Sanjay Bhattacharyya’s 12 foot bronze Krishna, Vineet Kacker’s Buddhist Pillar, Tapas Biswas’ Innocence and Mukesh Sharma’s magnificent Shesh Nag. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf“iSculpt is a revolution in the making of public exhibitions and public art that expresses fidelity to the idea of a ‘sculpture of one’s own’– in this case, a series of literal and metaphorical works dedicated to material experimentation and innovation- and in doing so provides a plethora of works for the history of ingenuity among sculptors to take root,” says curator Uma Nair. The exhibition will be an evolution in the making which will adopt a generous stance that exults form, materiality, and process alongside the history of art discourse, which allows for a breadth of new readings and understandings to occur, both between artists and generations of artists. Neeraj Gupta’s Divine Love is a testimony to the warmth of human relationships and the eternal quest for a civilization to live and procreate for posterity. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveMadhab Das’ National Award winning work An Inconvenient Truth of a deer with iron, bricks and tall iron rods is a statement on the loss of habitat for the beautiful animal whose world is threatened because of large scale deforestation. Sanjay Bhattacharyya’s tall and stately Krishna as a flute player will be the cynosure of all eyes as will be Arun Pandit’s powerful bronze Mask Seller, a work that looks at the many faces of the human predicament.From Kolkata is the gifted Tapas Biswas, whose works Innocence I and III are a network of leaves and twigs created in metal –while one work looks like an intricate network of leaves and twigs with a resonance of nature the second work with the face of a little girl- it has many suggestions of the attention needed for the girl child. Mukesh Sharma’s Shesh Nag was part of the Venice Biennale and is a testimony to the uselessness of waste and the degree of conspicuous consumption. Created out of computer boards and styrofoam packaging materials this is a head turner. Puneet Kaushik’s wire spiral of a metaphoric spider, talks to us at different levels about the beauty of nature, the fragile eco system. Vineet Kacker’s Buddha Pillar is a statement of charismatic contours and the felicity of weaving spiritual fervour into the textural terrain of ceramic ware. Atul Sinha’s wooden carved work with sleek textural contours sets him apart as a sculptor of deep reverberations. The show will be a mélange of installations and sculptures that create their own rhythms in the beauty and setting of the Gandhi Plaza which Nair believes is the best in the capital city to garner as a sculpture court. The show will be inaugurated by Lt Governor Najeeb Jung on December 6 at 5PM at India International Centre and will be put on public view from December 7 – 21.
Kolkata: The Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi (PBA) will soon come up with a directory of the little magazines in the state so that the state government can provide assistance to them in times of need. “We are presently collecting names and addresses of the little magazines spanning across the state. We are trying to release the directory of the little magazines on February 21, which is observed as Bhasha Divas,” said Shaoli Mitra, president of PBA that comes under the aegis of the state Information & Cultural Affairs department. Also Read – 3 injured, flight, train services hit as rains lash BengalThe matter inviting details of various little magazines has been published in various newspapers and the response has been quite good. Mitra also informed that PBA is going to hold the five-day Literary Festival & Little Magazine Fair at Rabindra Okakura Bhavan in Salt Lake. The festival will be inaugurated by state Education minister Partha Chatterjee on Friday, in presence of minister of state for Information & Cultural Affairs Indranil Sen. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedThe festival that will be held till January 15, will have 300 little magazine stalls and 300 poets, novelists and authors will indulge in book reading and recitation. 25 little magazine publications will be handed over a grant of Rs 25,000 each by the state government during the festival this year, with the aim of ensuring their smooth functioning in the days to come. “We give priority to promotion of the little magazines as many famous authors have risen to eminence through contributions to them,” Mitra said. A walk will be organised on Friday from the foot of the statue of Rabindranath Tagore at Central Park in Salt Lake upto the festival venue, with hoardings and banners highlighting the event. The inaugural programme will follow after the walk. The first day of the festival will host a befitting tribute to late poet Nirendranath Chakraborty.
As compared to women, the skin of men has more collagen and elastin that makes their skin thick and firm and, hence, the signs of ageing appear much later as compared to women. Therefore, it is important for men as well to take care of their skin by following a cleansing routine, say experts. * Know your skin type: This is the first step to schedule your skin care routine. Take a tissue test and see if you have dry, oily or combination skin. Generally, people with oily skin tend to have oil on their t-zone (forehead, nose, and chin). Check this using a tissue paper and get to know your skin type.* Choose products as per skin type: Since there is a difference between the skin of males and females, the products are made specifically keeping in mind all those factors. Make sure to use skin care products mindfully.* Follow a cleansing routine: Men should wash their face at least twice a day using a mild face wash that suits their skin. As the skin tends to get oily throughout the day and block the pores, it is important to follow a regular cleansing routine. Watch out if it dries your skin and change the products accordingly.* Exfoliation: All that dirt and oil accumulated on the face results in blackheads or whiteheads and forms a layer of dead skin. Exfoliation sheds off this layer and brings out a smooth, healthy skin. In case you have an oily skin, use salicylic acid-based scrub. A glycolic face wash is also a good buy as it cleanses as well as exfoliates.* Do not forget SPF: SPF should be an important part of your skin care regime as it protects the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun that leads to sunburn, tanning and gradually leads to early ageing. For men, a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 is a great option and should be used daily. Reapplying the skin care is the second step to increasing its effectiveness.* Moisturise: After thorough cleaning and exfoliation, it is important to moisturise your skin to keep it soft and supple. A moisturising cream provides the right amount of moisture to the skin to keep it hydrated and healthy. A hand cream, body lotion are some good options.
The whole story of Freddie Mercury has to include Jim Hutton. As the frontman of the ever-captivating rock ‘n’ roll band “Queen” and one of the most talented stage performers of all time, Freddie Mercury enjoyed his popularity and stardom yet kept his private life, well… private. He was a closed book during his lifetime when questioned about his sexuality, although it was widely speculated that he was gay or bisexual. Mercury was diagnosed with Aids in 1987 but this was not publicly announced until the day before he died, in 1991. Those close to him have since openly discussed many aspects of Mercury’s life.Mercury’s partner Jim Hutton explained to Tim Teeman for The Times of London that they “were both naturally private” people.“He might have worried about how coming out would have affected him professionally but he didn’t say that. We both thought our relationship, and being gay, was our business.”The tragic death of Mercury was a sad loss for the world which grieved for this rarely gifted, free-spirited musician.Freddie Mercury in New Haven, CT, at a WPLR Show. Photo by Carl Lender CC BY-SA 3.0In the 1970s, the iconic music star was in a long-term relationship with a woman named Mary Austin with whom he lived for several years in London. However, by the mid-1970s, Mercury questioned and delved into his sexuality and began seeing a man.After he confessed the affair to Austin, both of them decided to end their relationship yet remained close friends in the following years. Mercury’s deep affection and love toward Austin inspired him to write and dedicate several songs to her, including perhaps the most romantic of all Queen songs, “Love of My Life.”Mercury playing rhythm guitar during a live concert with Queen in Frankfurt, Germany, 1984. Photo by Thomas Steffan CC BY-SA 3.0In 1984, Jim Hutton and Mercury met in a club where Mercury made the first move by offering to buy him a drink. Hutton had another partner at the time, so he refused.About a year later they met again and Mercury decided to try his luck again. The date worked out pretty well, and the two quickly ended up in a passionate, romantic relationship.Freddie Mercury backstage at the Live Aid concert at Wembley, July 13, 1985. On the left is his boyfriend Jim Hutton. Photo by Dave Hogan/Hulton Archive/Getty ImagesReportedly, when they first met, Hutton wasn’t aware of who Mercury was, even when Freddie told him his name and occupation, Hutton remained indifferent. Hutton was a hairdresser and, at the time, he worked at the Savoy Hotel. After a couple of years of dating, Hutton moved into Mercury’s home known as the “Garden Lodge” but still retained his home in Sutton, Surrey.The outer walls of Garden Lodge (pictured here in 2014) became a shrine to Mercury following his death in 1991. Photo by Adnergje CC BY SA 3.0He left his job at the Savoy and worked as a gardener in Mercury’s residence. Despite being always surrounded by the jet-set friends and acquaintances of Freddie, Hutton never accepted that lifestyle and preferred to stay away from it.From 1985 until Mercury’s death in 1991, Hutton was Mercury’s dearest and the closest person who was recognized as such and much respected by Freddie’s closest friends and colleagues.Although gay marriages were still a taboo at the time, Mercury referred to Hutton as “my husband,” and both of them wore marital rings. Reportedly, when Mercury was diagnosed with AIDS, he offered Hutton a way out of their relationship to which Hutton sincerely expressed his love and devotion by responding “I am not going anywhere.”Freddie Mercury singing, 1977. Photo by Carl Lender CC BY-SA 3.0Though Mercury avoided talking about and revealing details of his private life, Hutton opened his heart to the public and shared his impressions and photographs of his life with Freddie in his memoir titled Mercury and Me, published in 1994.Posed portrait of Freddie Mercury, cinzano vest and shorts. Photo by Ian Dickson/RedfernsThis work showcases the romance and warm-hearted relationship of the couple, presenting images of their everyday life and the special moments during the years spent together. Inside the book, Hutton revealed some anecdotes and vivid stories of Mercury’s life, depicting an accurate and honest portrait of the legendary musician’s rise an fall.Read another story from us: The pioneer of modern dance lost her life in a bizarre accident with her scarfDuring the final days of his life, Hutton took care of Mercury and was even present when he passed away. Just like Mercury, Hutton was diagnosed with HIV but died due to a smoking-related illness in 2010.
A number of painters throughout history have created works with double meanings that make art historians and curators wonder and perhaps feel puzzled about their true story and background. In many of these artists’ artworks there are carefully hidden symbols or references that might seem random but actually convey something meaningful. One such example is Jan van Eyck’s “The Arnolfini Portrait” that when examined with a magnifying glass reveals the artist himself in the painting, greeting the couple who are entering.Another painting with a similar intertextuality is “The Ambassadors” by Hans Holbein the Younger of which it is said that, when viewed from a specific angle, a smudge that actually looks like an ominous skull can be seen. The image often is interpreted as a symbol of human fragility.The Ambassadors by Hans Holbein.Among these examples is also the popular artwork “Salem,” painted in 1908 by English artist Sydney Curnow Vosper. The picture presents a scene in Capel Salem, a Baptist chapel in the hamlet of Pentre Gwynfryn near Gwynedd, North Wales.According to the WalesOnline, this painting has become a Welsh icon that depicted Welsh piety and the significance of Welsh tradition and religious customs. Despite its sacred symbolism, “Salem” is a notorious artwork because it is believed to have the devil hidden in the shawl of its central character.Capel Salem. Photo by Eric Jones CC BY SA 2.0The painting depicts a traditionally dressed woman in the center and a few figures in the background. The main figure is modeled on a real-life character, Siân Owen, who is shown “walking down the aisle towards her family pew.” When the painting was created, Siân Owen was a 71-year-old widow who lived alone in a farmhouse. She had lost her husband when their son was very young so she had to raise him as a single mother. Owen died in 1927 and was buried in Llanfair churchyard.Vosper’s 1908 watercolor ‘Salem’ is one of the most recognized images of traditional Welsh costume.Vosper was born in 1866 in Stonehouse, Devon. He began his career in London as an illustrator and went on to study at the Académie Colarossi in France. His focus on Welsh life and tradition which would later become a central subject in a number of his paintings began after he married Constance James, from Merthyr Tydfil in South Wales.In 1909, after “Salem” was first exhibited at the Royal Academy in London, it was purchased by Lord Leverhulme for 100 guineas.An enlargement of the area of Siân Owen’s shawl purported to enshroud the face of the devil.The painting gained popularity when it was used for a marketing campaign of Lever Brothers’ Sunlight Soap — people collected a certain number of packages in order to claim a color print of “Salem.”Artist creates amazing hyper realistic paintingsToday, the original is at the Lady Lever Art Gallery in Port Sunlight, England, while numerous Welsh museums and institutions hold a framed print of the painting. The painting has drawn many critics and theoreticians over the years to debate over different interpretations of the so-called hidden meaning in the central figure.The Lady Lever Art Gallery in Port Sunlight, Liverpool, England.In the painting, Siân Owen is cloaked in a colorful and ornamented shawl which, it is said, depicts the face of the devil in its folds. Interestingly, when looked at closely, the wrinkled cloth indeed reveals the contours of a pair of eyes, a beard and a mouth.One popular theory is that “Salem” represents the sin of vanity. According to the clock on the wall, Owen has arrived ten minutes late for the morning church service, which would invariably have started at 10 a.m. She carries the devil — her sin — on her elaborate clothing.Market Day in Old Wales (1910) a later Vosper painting also featuring Siân OwenFrom 1908 when “Salem” first saw the light of the day until his death in 1942, Vosper denied any intention to depict the devil in the detail of Owen’s shawl.Read another story from us: The life of Mary Queen of Scots – Married 3 times, imprisoned and her untimely endHe stated that his intention was to represent a completely religious atmosphere of a traditional church service. Siân Owen was included in another one of his artworks, “Market Day in Old Wales.”
The case of Chernobyl chief investigator Valery Legasov is to this day mysterious and unsettling. Although the horrifying 1986 nuclear plant explosion at Chernobyl has never disappeared from the news cycle, the rave reviews that the 2019 HBO miniseries Chernobyl is garnering bring the disaster firmly to the fore. Winning particular attention in the miniseries is the role of Soviet scientist Valery Legasov, portrayed by Jared Harris. Valery Legasov was an inorganic chemist specializing in noble gases and became a key member of the Soviet government’s investigation into the Chernobyl disaster less than 24 hours after it occurred. While some officials tried to minimize the explosion’s effect and cover up the causes, Legasov called for honesty and pushed for the evacuation of the town of Pripyat, also saying action must be taken to save lives across Europe in case of a secondary, even more damaging explosion.Jared Harris as Valery Legasov in the HBO miniseries Chernobyl. Photo courtesy of HBOHe had been the deputy director of the I.V. Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy and a member of the Presidium of the Soviet Academy of Sciences.AdChoices广告inRead invented by TeadsOn April 26, 1986, Reactor Four at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Soviet Ukraine exploded, and fire from the explosion raged for 10 days, releasing tons of radioactive nuclear particles into the open air. More than 30 people succumbed within days of acute radiation, among them the local firefighters who raced to the plant without any idea of the lethal risks. It is estimated about 4,000 people died later of related cancers, and experts say the surrounding area won’t be fit for human habitation for 20,000 years.Pripyat, ChernobylThe miniseries begins in 1988, two years after the explosion, with a furtive Legasov making audio tapes before taking his own life at 51 years of age. The narrative then heads back to 1986, and the fateful control room of the Chernobyl plant, where the reckless actions of one man in particular, deputy chief engineer Anatoly Dyatlov, led to disaster.Related Video:In one of the most effective scenes, Jared Harris says just after arriving at the scene, “You are dealing with something that has never happened on this planet before.”Jared Harris as Valery Legasov in the HBO miniseries Chernobyl. Photo courtesy of HBOIn 1986, four months after the explosion, Legasov participated in a 5-hour hearing on what caused the accident at the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna. Legasov acknowledged human error as well as faulty design of the reactor, writing in his report, “Neglect by the scientific management and the designers was everywhere with no attention being paid to the condition of instruments or of equipment.”He was applauded in the international community for his frank explanations and commitment to the investigation. His bravery was noted as well, as he was one of the only members of the team to not leave the site until the situation was contained, whereas other members rotated in and out of Chernobyl to avoid contamination. However, back home he was rather coldly received as the authorities didn’t want to bring any more attention to the matter and wanted to downplay the effects and causes of the meltdown.Chernobyl radiation mapLegasov hanged himself two years and one day after the explosion, leaving no note behind stating the cause for his final act of despair. There is speculation that he was deeply traumatized by his experience, and disillusioned with the Soviet government. Intense pressure on the Soviet nuclear plants to perform in the 1980s led to unsafe risks, some say. Reportedly, Legasov said that Chernobyl was the “apotheosis of all that was wrong in the management of the national economy and had been so for many decades.”Some believe that it was what he learned about his government’s role in the catastrophe that led to his hopelessness. Legasov had detailed how there was no infrastructure or organization within the Soviet Union that had the capability to deal with the mammoth effects of the Chernobyl situation.Vladimir Gubarev, a close friend of Legasov who wrote a popular play based on Chernobyl, stated in the Soviet newspaper Pravda that Legasov was ridiculed by his colleagues for how he handled the investigation despite the international praise he received for it. He subsequently lost a seat on the scientific and technical council of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy, where he had previously served as deputy director. This was a devastating blow and many speculate also played a large part in his sad fate.Legasov left behind many journals and allegedly audio tapes in his final days. However much of this is still being sifted through and called into question.Jared Harris, while preparing to portray Legasov, told The Cheat Sheet that he didn’t listen to any audio tapes to prepare for the role, but not because he did not want to. “There weren’t audio tapes,” Harris said. “He left behind journals. But that’s not as cinematic as audio tapes.”Harris continued, “They’re very hard to get a hold of. In fact, there’s not a lot of him left in the historical record because they basically wrote him out of the story. They erased him from history. That’s what they were trying to do as a threat.” The actor said this was “to stop him from trying to get the story out.”Related Article: 30 Years Ago, Three Men At Chernobyl Saved Millions of LivesIn an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Harris said the director of Chernobyl wanted to recover some of these names from history that have been forgotten and give them an appropriate place and have their sacrifice be remembered.”Correction: In a previous version of this article we wrongly stated that Legasov was a nuclear physicist. He was in fact an inorganic chemist. The correction was made on 7/9/2019.Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th-century porcelain world. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.com
Russell Westbrook needed 16 rebounds in his final regular season game against the tanking Grizzlies to clinch his second straight season averaging a triple double. He grabbed a career-high 20.Westbrook recently rebutted claims that he pads his stats, but it’s hard to call his 20 rebound stat chasing performance anything other than that. At one point, he even boxed out teammate Carmelo Anthony to secure another board.Colin has said Westbrook is one of the most talented players in the NBA, but it’s clear that he’s more into his stats than winning titles. The all-time greats like Bill Russell, MJ, and LeBron care more about W’s and winning titles than triple doubles. It’s one of the reasons Kevin Durant left for Golden State.Watch Colin break down Westbrook’s MV “ME” performance:“Stats mean a lot to him… That’s why Kevin Durant is in Golden State.”@ColinCowherd reacts to Russell Westbrook averaging a triple-double for a second straight season pic.twitter.com/WtbzA1IAVJ— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) April 12, 2018
Gronk spoke with The Wall Street Journal and said he’s excited to meet horse Gronk, but more importantly he wants to know when he can ride the horse:“I’ve never dealt with horses,” he said. “Hopefully I can get a ride on the horse.”When it was pointed out that a football player listed at 265 pounds might be too heavy for a horse that typically carries a 115-pound jockey, Gronkowski admitted he has a lot to learn.“That’s what I want to know,” he said. “I’m not trying to ride it for a full speed ride. I just want to get the feel of what it’s like to be on top of one. Maybe I’ll go for a full speed ride once I get comfortable.”Maybe it’s not such a good idea for 265-pound Gronk to break in the horse before the biggest race of the year, but everyone can agree that this needs to happen as soon as possible. For the record, Gronkowski was not the horse spotted partying in a Miami Beach nightclub last month.WATCH: Mokai Lounge in Miami Beach under fire after video surfaced of a horse inside the nightclub pic.twitter.com/C7Saz3q20a— Joel Franco (@OfficialJoelF) March 9, 2018 Advertisement Patriots tight end Rob Gronkowski just purchased a partial ownership stake in the 3-year old Kentucky Derby Bound thoroughbred horse named after him. Human Gronk will be in attendance at Churchill Downs on May 5 to cheer on Gronkowski as he makes his run for the roses.Horse Gronk qualified for the Derby by spiking the field in the Burradon Stakes in England, and is considered a derby longshot, but will almost certainly be crowd favorite as he makes his Triple Crown debut against the less cool horses in the field.Horse named Gronkowski just won the Burradon Stakes in England and has qualified to run in the Kentucky Derby pic.twitter.com/QkJlkPdVbS— Darren Rovell (@darrenrovell) March 30, 2018
Terry Rozier played a key role in the Celtics Game 1 Eastern Conference Finals thumping of the Cavs, but the backup turned playoff star first burst onto the national recruiting scene thanks to his performance at LeBron’s camp after his Junior year.Rozier, a native of the Cleveland suburb of Shaker Heights, was a relative unknown before the camp, but showed out against other top high school players during the the 2011 LeBron James Skills Academy and made a national name for himself.“Scary” Terry has always been an underdog, but keeps proving people wrong. Watch him at LeBron’s camp in 2011.
4 min read August 6, 2014 Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now Make stuff people want. This is how Paul Graham or Y-Combinator defines growth hacking.Brian Halligan of Hubspot elaborates — to be successful and grow your business and revenues, you must match the way you market your products with the way your prospects learn about and shop for your products.Growth hacking, the much talked-about term, is grossly misunderstood and misrepresented by many. Growth hacking can be touted as a subset of marketing that focuses purely on achieving growth.Related: 12 (Mostly Free) Web Tools for EntrepreneursGrowth alone doesn’t come through marketing, but by learning from your mistakes, testing on what works (A/B testing for example), product iteration, intuitive product design and studying and analyzing conversion metrics.Let’s look at some such tools that will help you as an app entrepreneur to build a better app.1. Intercom (30-day free trial, plans start at $49 a month). If your app requires users to sign up, Intercom is a fantastic product that tells you which of your users are using your product in real time, along with their activity. It also allows you to reach out to your power users or others based on filters, through in-app messaging and email. It’s a great tool to engage and retain customers.2. Taplytics (Free trial available. Plans start at $32 a month). This is an A/B testing tool, but for mobile apps. Taplytics allows you to test different experiences and quickly push out fixes based on your findings. Fixes can range from visual bugs and typos to colors for call-to-actions.3. Mailchimp (Free up to 12,000 emails to 2,000 subscribers/month). One of the most popular email marketing tools out there, it allows you to send targeted emails based on segmented lists. You can also set up automated emailers for new signups.4. Foster.fm (14-day free trial. Plans start at $19.99 a month). One of the challenges in social-media marketing is finding relevant content to share with your followers. Foster.fm helps you to discover that content and lets you share live or schedule updates for up to a week.Related: 5 Content-Management Tools Marketers Can Use (No Technical Skills Required)5. Pop.co (14-day free trial. Plans start at $5 a month). Instantly launch a web presence or a micro-site for your mobile app. Pop.co offers a domain name, an email address (supported by Google Apps), a starter page where you can connect your social-media accounts, capture emails and customize the template.6. Crittercism (Free for up to 30,000 monthly active users). This tool gives real-time, actionable crash reports for your mobile app. By knowing where users are facing an issue in your app, you can make sure you retain and engage them to deliver a great user experience.7. Helpshift (30-day free trial. Plans start at $20 at month). The only way to build a loyal following for your app is to offer outstanding customer service. A happy customer will not only stay with you but also brings in many more through word of mouth. Helpshift helps you integrate a customer-service module into your app so you can resolve problems as they happen. App users are typically not forgiving and instantly delete the app or never go back to it if unsatisfied.8. Mention (14-day free trial. Plans start at about $29 a month). If people are talking about your app on social media or blogs, you’ve got to know what’s being said to be able to interact with and engage them.9. SensorTower (14-day free trial. Plans start at $79 a month). Use SensorTower for complete app store optimization (ASO). It lets you discover the most valuable keywords, which can impact organic downloads for your app. You can track daily ranking of your keywords as well as that of your competitors. Essentially, a complete app-intelligence platform for ASO.Which tools do you recommend? Tell us in the comments section below.Related: 5 Tools For Entrepreneurs to Grow Their Online Presence in No Time Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. Enroll Now for Free
April 28, 2017 Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global Register Now » Forget blueprints and general contractors: why not just 3D print your entire house? One day, you might be able to, if a new autonomous 3D printing robot designed by MIT researchers ever goes on sale.The robot is an ungainly contraption full of solar panels, a crane and running on treads instead of wheels. But because it’s capable of printing the walls and other basic elements of an entire building, MIT says it could enable the design and construction of new kinds of structures that would not be feasible with traditional building methods. The robot printer is very different than consumer 3D printers on the market today. Instead of assembling its assigned printout in an enclosure, the MIT bot’s mechanical arm is fitted with nozzles that can spit out any number of substances used in building construction, such as concrete or insulation.To prove it works, the MIT engineers used it to construct a 50-foot-diameter, 12-foot-high dome made out of polyurethane foam and concrete. The entire project took less than 14 hours of “printing” time, which presumably doesn’t include the time it took to configure the robot with the required materials. And therein lies the challenge: the robot could be used on a building site right now, but it would likely require excessive handholding that would make it inefficient compared to other more conventional machines.So the robot’s real promise, according to former MIT engineering student Steven Keating, who helped designed it, lies in achieving full autonomy: a built-in scoop could both prepare the building surface and pick up local materials like dirt for an earthen structure, while the bot goes about its business needing no more electric power than what the sun offers.Keating wants “to have something totally autonomous, that you could send to the moon or Mars or Antarctica, and it would just go out and make these buildings for years,” he told MIT News. Given his choice of example building sites, though, it’s safe to say that you won’t be able to build your next suburban tract house with this bot any time soon. 2 min read Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. This story originally appeared on PCMag
Potting Compound Market 2018 report focuses on the major drivers and restraints for the global key players. It also provides analysis of the market share, segmentation, revenue forecasts and geographic regions of the market. The report spread across 505 pages with tables and figures in it.The Global Potting Compounds Market was valued at $2,904.2 million in 2017, and it is expected to reach $3,836.5 million by the end of 2025, growing at CAGR of 3.6% from 2018 to 2025.Potting compounds are used as encapsulants to protect electronic components and equipment from water, chemical chock, voltage discharge, vibration, and physical damage. Potting material is introduced during the electronic assembly and offers excellent adhesive properties; hence, they are extremely difficult to remove once they are placed in the desired place by making rework impossible. Potting process can be performed either manually or by using automated meter-mix-dispense (MMD) equipment.Get Sample Copy of this Report@ https://www.bigmarketresearch.com/request-sample/3138277?utm_source=htn&utm_medium=geetaElectronics and electrical production is rising at a rapid pace due to rise in nuclear families and resulting sale of electronics appliances. With this the need for protecting the components also increase, thereby driving the potting compounds market. Growth in preference for portable products and smaller devices has led to the trend for microelectronics, thereby driving the demand for potting material. On the other hand, growth of this market is expected to restrain by improper selection of the potting resin due to application-specific nature of few potting resins.The global potting compounds market is segmented into resin type, curing techniques, application, end user, and region. The report focuses on resin types such as polyurethane, silicone, epoxy, polyester, polyolefin, polyamide, and others. By curing technique, the market is classified into UV curing, thermal curing, and room temperature curing. Based on application, the market is segmented into electrical and electronics.On the basis of end user, the market is classified into electronics, aerospace, automotive, industrial, and others. Some of the major manufacturers profiled in the report include Henkel AG & Co. KGaA, The 3M Company, MG Chemicals, ELANTAS GmbH, ALPAS Srl, Dymax Corporation, Master Bond, Inc., Lord Corporation, Aremco Products, Inc., RBC Industries, Inc., Shanghai Sepna Chemical Technology Co. Ltd., DowDupont Inc, HItach Chemical LLC, WEVO-CHEMIE Gmb, Huntsman Advanced Materials, and Wacker-Chemie.KEY BENEFITS FOR STAKEHOLDERSThe report provides an extensive qualitative and quantitative analysis of the current trends and future estimations of the potting compound market from 2018 to 2025 to determine the prevailing opportunities.A comprehensive analysis of the factors that drive and restrict the growth of the market is provided.Estimations and forecast based on factors impacting the market growth, in terms of value, are provided.Profiles of leading players operating in the market are provided to understand the competitive scenario.The report provides extensive qualitative insights on the significant segments and regions exhibiting favorable market growthGet a discount on this research report @ https://www.bigmarketresearch.com/request-for-discount/3138277?utm_source=htn&utm_medium=geetaKEY MARKET SEGMENTS By Resin TypeEpoxyPolyurethaneSiliconePolyesterPolyamidePolyolefinAcrylicsBy Curing TechnologyUV CuringThermal CuringRoom Temperature Curing By ApplicationElectricalElectronicsBy End UserElectronicsAerospaceAutomotiveIndustrialOthers By Regiono North AmericaU.S.CanadaMexicoo EuropeGermanyUKFranceItalySpainRest of Europeo Asia-PacificChinaJapanIndiaAustraliaSouth KoreaRest of Europeo LAMEABrazilSaudi ArabiaSouth AfricaRest of LAMEAKEY MARKET PLAYERS Henkel AG & Co. KGaAThe 3M Company.MG ChemicalsELANTAS GmbHALPAS SrlDymax Corporation,Aremco Products, Inc.DowDuPont IncHItach Chemical LLCWEVO-CHEMIE GmbHHuntsman Advanced MaterialsWacker-ChemieThe other players in the value chain include Master Bond, Inc., Lord Corporation, RBC Industries, Inc., and Shanghai Sepna Chemical Technology Co. Ltd. About Us:Big Market Research has a range of research reports from various publishers across the world. Our database of reports of various market categories and sub-categories would help to find the exact report you may be looking for.Contact Us:Mr. Abhishek PaliwalBig Market Research5933 NE Win Sivers Drive, #205, Portland,OR 97220 United StatesDirect: +1-971-202-1575Toll Free: +1-800-910-6452E-mail email@example.com